A typical standby diesel generator produces 25-30 pounds of nitrogen oxides per megawatt hour of power generated. Prolonged exposure to this can lead to health hazards.
Diesel emission levels of NOx, carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons contribute to poor air quality. Smell coming from the poly-cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons causes cancer.
Exposure to diesel fumes leads to coughing, sore throat and eyes, headaches, nausea and lung inflammation. Other common symptoms are production of phlegm, difficulty in breathing, and odors with perpetual annoyance.
Nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions contribute to smog formation which increases risk of asthma; it is very dangerous to children, the elderly, and those with pre-existing respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.
Fine particulate matter (PM) in diesel exhaust can bypass the body’s natural defenses, penetrating deep into the lungs where it may cause respiratory and cardiovascular illnesses, leading to premature death.
Every generator operator needs to comply with the standards set by the State Government’s Pollution Control Board, with specified limits for various gaseous elements formed.
Noise Pollution and its ill effects on Human Health
Hearing loss, stress, high blood pressure, sleep loss, distraction and lost productivity and a general reduction in the quality of life.
The Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) has published the Standards/Guidelines for control of noise pollution from stationary DG sets, including the noise limits for Generator sets with petrol or kerosene.
For the use of diesel generator sets (of capacity 15 KVA & above) for non-industrial purposes, obtaining the Consent to Establish and Consent to Operate from the Board is mandatory.